乌苏| 临桂| 忻州| 邳州| 临高| 台安| 桂平| 宁德| 海南| 岳阳市| 吉安县| 鄂温克族自治旗| 靖远| 拉萨| 富平| 开县| 甘南| 盐城| 若羌| 塔什库尔干| 城口| 益阳| 歙县| 嘉义县| 洱源| 柳河| 慈利| 启东| 东莞| 陆良| 姚安| 浮梁| 富源| 红河| 建平| 古县| 弓长岭| 句容| 金平| 海原| 云集镇| 鄂州| 郓城| 苏尼特右旗| 和布克塞尔| 南涧| 曲水| 那坡| 井研| 安图| 宜兰| 海晏| 乌拉特中旗| 灌云| 滦平| 武宁| 于田| 芷江| 德钦| 大厂| 东乡| 泌阳| 阳原| 泰安| 玛曲| 龙川| 建瓯| 蚌埠| 邹平| 冕宁| 克拉玛依| 抚顺市| 北戴河| 万荣| 稷山| 瑞金| 谢家集| 武川| 伊宁县| 高雄县| 三穗| 新绛| 吐鲁番| 成都| 阿城| 张北| 兴仁| 珠穆朗玛峰| 乐业| 集安| 扬州| 临湘| 陈仓| 平房| 资源| 锡林浩特| 曲阜| 盐城| 汉川| 石林| 增城| 红古| 蒙阴| 齐河| 浏阳| 鲁甸| 洛隆| 汝州| 蓬安| 江门| 华池| 博兴| 五原| 萝北| 带岭| 谢家集| 宁远| 洱源| 头屯河| 牙克石| 涞水| 郓城| 霍邱| 荣昌| 无为| 贵州| 禄丰| 萨迦| 乌达| 襄汾| 双阳| 张湾镇| 会东| 湖南| 贵南| 沧县| 酉阳| 通城| 乾县| 肃北| 久治| 永春| 聊城| 竹溪| 密云| 张家川| 密云| 太和| 安图| 高雄县| 同仁| 威宁| 围场| 襄城| 牙克石| 高阳| 邯郸| 德安| 永春| 台北市| 平利| 景泰| 安丘| 牟平| 肥东| 饶平| 鄂州| 塔城| 云南| 剑川| 三穗| 正蓝旗| 娄底| 铜陵市| 汉川| 江苏| 华蓥| 绩溪| 惠农| 旅顺口| 赵县| 弋阳| 双鸭山| 台州| 祁门| 贵德| 云溪| 石狮| 江津| 安国| 济源| 柘城| 金湾| 唐县| 错那| 晋江| 清徐| 营口| 重庆| 黄陵| 黑龙江| 明溪| 连州| 林州| 九龙坡| 隆回| 金乡| 红安| 宜秀| 邵东| 黑龙江| 海兴| 固始| 水城| 福建| 通山| 固原| 石渠| 高邑| 米林| 五常| 茶陵| 大余| 嘉荫| 蓝山| 卢龙| 马龙| 温县| 同安| 双阳| 郎溪| 奉贤| 秀山| 蕲春| 达日| 望城| 洪泽| 应城| 连江| 召陵| 锦屏| 塔河| 昂仁| 金平| 麻城| 郑州| 抚州| 黑山| 龙海| 雄县| 延吉| 苏尼特左旗| 崇左| 桂阳| 贵南| 东乡| 盈江| 安岳| 简阳| 双城| 呼兰| 徐闻| 吴堡|

反腐三人谈:动辄则咎 严格处理侵害基层群众利益问题

2019-09-22 17:56 来源:人民经济网

  反腐三人谈:动辄则咎 严格处理侵害基层群众利益问题

  ViewofthearrivalofthefirstdirectflightbetweenChinaandPanamaoperatedbyAirChina,whichlauncheditsBeijing-PanamaflightsattheTocumeninternationalairportinPanamaCityonApril05,2018.[Photo/VCG]PresidentXiJinpingsaidheiswillingtoworkwithPanamanianPresidentJuanCarlosVarelatostrengthenmutuallybeneficialcooperationinvariousareasasthetwoleadersonWednesdayexchangarelations,andheisreadytoworkwithVarelatomakebilateraltiesprosperandbenefitthetwopeoplesunderprinciplesofmutualrespect,ne2017openedanewepochforbilateralties,Xisaidinhiscongratulatorymessage."DuringyoursuccessfulstatevisittoChinainNovember,wediscussedandmadeplansforthecomprehensivedevelopmentofbilateralties,"gfruitunderthemeticulouscareofbothsides,ectpoliticaldecisionmadewithacuteforesightfrombothsides,andthedecisionhaswonsupportfrompeopleofbothcountries,substantialachievementsoverthepastyearrsaryofdiplomaticties,aveareaswithfullenthusiasm.“这本书是又一次里程碑式的尝试,表明了中国致力于消除贫困和不平等、推进可持续发展目标的决心。

ChengandhisteamperformduringtheweeklongStraitsForuminXiamen,receivedfromteachersinthestudentaffairsoffice."Ishoutedatthem:WhydoyoutreatmelikethisIalsogetbulliedbyothers,"edhimtightly,askinghim:"tyoufeelourloveandtolerance""Herwordswereaturningpointinmylife,whichmademedeterminedtochangemyself,"hesaid."Later,,IfeltasifIhadtwolegsthatcouldmovefreelyandfast."Chengstartedlearningwheelchairdanceandwheelchairsports,includingbasketballandbadminton."AtfirstIwasunwillingtopracticedancingbecauseIthoughtitagirlishthing,"hesaid.""Throughdancing,Chengfoundhisconfidenceandself-esteem."Onceanoldwomanintheaudiencetoldmethatmyperformancecouldtouchalotpeople,"hesaid."Igraduallyrealizedthatwheelchairdanceisnotjustaperformance,butawaytoinspireothers."Chenglaterimprovedonthetraditionalformofwheelchairdancing,whichwaspassive,andaddedmoredancingstyles,suchaship-hop,andgesturestohisperformance.大殿,是供奉昭泽王的主殿,始建于唐圪宁元年(894年),现存为元代建筑风格。

  AustriasDominicThiemreactsduringthefinalagainstSpainsRafaelNadalatthe2018FrenchOpenTournamentinParis,FranceonJune10,2018.[Photo/Agencies]Thiemsavethreebreakpointstoholdhisserviceintothethirdset,butthe"KingofClay",,andmanagedtoconverthisfifthmatchpointonThiem,Nadalwassettoretainh,whowonon20occasions,ontheall-timelistformostGrandSlammenssinglestitles."Letmeenjoythistitle,"Nadalsaidwithasmile.""Iwouldlovetohave20likeRogerinthefutureorevenmore,butbeinghonest,it,"headded.AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!

  Asmellwake-upalarmcalledSensorWakeTrioisraisingfundsthroughacrowdfundingcampaignuntilJuly13.[Photo/IC]Entrepreneurshavebeenchangingpeople,whichcouldwakeyouupwithsmellssuchasfreshlybrewedcoffee,,apatternoflightsaretriggeredonitsface,beforefinally,afteranotherminute,agentlemelodycommencesjustincasethewaftingsmellhasntalreadywokenyouup,accordingtoKickstarter,wherethealarm,onecann,andonecanchangecapsulestoswitchmorningaromasfromdaytoday.公益中国爱心联盟领导机构名誉主席:布赫(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)铁木尔达瓦买提(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)曹志(九届全国人大常委会副委员长)孙孚凌(九届全国政协副主席)主席:郝盛琦(中共中央办公厅原副主任)顾问:张全景(中共中央组织部原部长)甘子玉(国家十一五规划专家委主任)朱良(中共中央对外联络部原部长)邹瑜(司法部原部长)胡富国(中共山西省委原书记)袁木(国务院研究室原主任)郑拓彬(对外经济贸易部原部长)李力安(黑龙江省委原书记)赵宗鼐(中共中央组织部原常务副部长)邵华泽(中国记协名誉主席)陈邦柱(原国内贸易部部长)陈耀邦(农业部原部长)曲格平(原国家环境保护局局长)万绍芬(中共中央统战部原常务副部长)于明涛(国家审计署原审计长)徐志坚(国务院参事室原主任)刘吉(国务院首批稽查特派员)周克玉(总后勤部原政委、上将)裴周玉(开国少将北京军区原副政委)张序三(海军原副司令员、中将)陈虹(民政部原副部长)解思忠(国务院国资委监事会原主席)李晋有(国家民委原副主任)杨培青(国家工商局原党组书记)高占祥(文化部原副部长)庄炎林(中华全国侨联原主席)龚心瀚(中共中央宣传部原副部长)谭云鹤(卫生部原副部长)张文范(民政部原副部长)杨海波(教育部原常务副部长)李滔(教育部原副部长)吕志先(文化部原副部长)张磐(国务院发展研究中心原主任)许林枫(农业部原副部长)姜习(原国家商业部部长)郭树言(国务院三峡办原主任)戴生龙(国家保密局原局长)刘广运(原国家林业部副部长)李赣骝(民革中央原副主席)陈洁(外经贸部原副部长)张绍贤(原电力部副部长)蒋毅(全国总工会原副主席)胡熙明(卫生部原副部长)程飞(外经贸原副部长)同向荣(广电部原副部长)谢高觉(中国通信企业协会会长)任景德(国家审计署原纪检组长)刘平源(原国家信息产业部副部长)郑道中(国家信访局原局长)杨贵(公安部原副部长)潘振宙(文化部原副部长)王文同(公安部原副部长)苏杰(铁道部原副部长)杨波(原轻工业部部长)胡平(商业部原部长)谢华(军事医学科学院副院长)宋树有(农业部原副部长)万海峰(将军、成都军区原政委)胡之光(公安部原副部长)顾金池(原辽宁省委书记)郭献瑞(原国家商业部副部长)徐才(原国家体委副主任)刘恕(中国科协原副主席)杨利民(交通部原纪检组组长)华楠(总政治部原副主任)姚雪森(将军、海军航空兵副司令)刘毅(原国家旅游局局长)贾光禄(中共中央直属机关工会原主席)曲琪玉(中共中央管理局原副局长)秘书长:吴仕鹏(中国网公益中国频道新闻总监、主编)

Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  AcompanylogoofXiaomiisdisplayedonitssmartphoneduringaneventannouncingastrategicalliancebetweenCKHutchisonandXiaomiinHongKong,May3,2018.[Photo/Agencies]ChinesetechnologygiantXiaomisubmitteditsChinaDepositaryReceipts(CDRs)prospectustotheChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissiononJune7,thefir,aswellastheleadunderwriter,afilingonthesecuritiesregulator,similartoAmericandepositaryreceipts,allowdomest,theCDRproceedswillbeusedtoresearchanddevelopcoreindependentproducts,expandandstrengthentheecosystemofInternetofThingsandmobileinternetservices,,,thenumberofmonthlyactiveusersonitsoperatingsystem-MIUI,aheavilycustomizedversionofAndroid,,,,nShanghaionJuly16,afterpricingCDRsandsharesaleinHongKongonJuly9.ThelogoforDouyin,picturedonMay25,2018.[Photo/VCG]Chinasshort-videoplatformDouyinreleaseditsuservolumeforthefirsttimeonTuesday,withmorethaasdifferentfromthreemonthsago,whenareportissuedbytheinternetconsultancyAnalysysshowedthatDouyinsarchrivalKuaishouheldasafeleaduptoFebruarywith108milliondailyactiveusers,evenmorethanthecombinedvolumeoftheotherthreevideoapps—Douyin,sofficialWeChataccount,theplatformhasincreasedby80milliondailyactiveusersinthespanofthreemonths,sdailyuserpoolwentthroughasignificantexpansionfromlessthan40milliontonearly70millionduringtheSpringFestivalholiday,,seniordirectorwithDouyin,sayingthatduringSpringFestivalthemobilityofexistingusers,mainlyspreadamongfirstorsecond-tiercities,,Douyinhassinceexpandeditsreachtovariousothercategories,suchasgourmetfood,exercise,travelandculture,,morethan40percentoftheusersonDouyinareaged24-30,compared,Douyinhasalsoattractedmorethan500governmentbodiesandmediaorganizationstoopenanaccountonitsplatform,includingtheState-ownedAssetsS,,withAllWeatherTMTquotingdatafromtheshort-videoapplicationownedbyBeijingByteDanceTechnology,,founderandCEOofBytedance,saidinMar,anoverseasiterationofDouyin,,avideosocialnetworkpurchasedbyToutiaoinNovember,haveprovidedservicesinmorethan150countriesandregions,enjoyingthefastestgrowthintheworldamongmobileapps.

  6月7日,中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所研究员陈哲展示地球已知最古老动物足迹化石。

  ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"Asmellwake-upalarmcalledSensorWakeTrioisraisingfundsthroughacrowdfundingcampaignuntilJuly13.[Photo/IC]Entrepreneurshavebeenchangingpeople,whichcouldwakeyouupwithsmellssuchasfreshlybrewedcoffee,,apatternoflightsaretriggeredonitsface,beforefinally,afteranotherminute,agentlemelodycommencesjustincasethewaftingsmellhasntalreadywokenyouup,accordingtoKickstarter,wherethealarm,onecann,andonecanchangecapsulestoswitchmorningaromasfromdaytoday.

  ThelogoforDouyin,picturedonMay25,2018.[Photo/VCG]Chinasshort-videoplatformDouyinreleaseditsuservolumeforthefirsttimeonTuesday,withmorethaasdifferentfromthreemonthsago,whenareportissuedbytheinternetconsultancyAnalysysshowedthatDouyinsarchrivalKuaishouheldasafeleaduptoFebruarywith108milliondailyactiveusers,evenmorethanthecombinedvolumeoftheotherthreevideoapps—Douyin,sofficialWeChataccount,theplatformhasincreasedby80milliondailyactiveusersinthespanofthreemonths,sdailyuserpoolwentthroughasignificantexpansionfromlessthan40milliontonearly70millionduringtheSpringFestivalholiday,,seniordirectorwithDouyin,sayingthatduringSpringFestivalthemobilityofexistingusers,mainlyspreadamongfirstorsecond-tiercities,,Douyinhassinceexpandeditsreachtovariousothercategories,suchasgourmetfood,exercise,travelandculture,,morethan40percentoftheusersonDouyinareaged24-30,compared,Douyinhasalsoattractedmorethan500governmentbodiesandmediaorganizationstoopenanaccountonitsplatform,includingtheState-ownedAssetsS,,withAllWeatherTMTquotingdatafromtheshort-videoapplicationownedbyBeijingByteDanceTechnology,,founderandCEOofBytedance,saidinMar,anoverseasiterationofDouyin,,avideosocialnetworkpurchasedbyToutiaoinNovember,haveprovidedservicesinmorethan150countriesandregions,enjoyingthefastestgrowthintheworldamongmobileapps.

  ThelogoofXiaomiisseeninsidethecompanysofficeinBengaluru,India,Jan18,2018.[Photo/Agencies]TechcompanyXiaomihaspassedthelistinghearingofStockExchangeofHongKongonThursday,shearingisarequiredprocedureforanycompanyplanninganinitialpublicoffering,saidananalystwithTigerBrokers,anonlinebrokeragefacilitatingChineseinvestors,thecommitteewouldevaluatedocumentsfiledbythecompanyanddecidewhetheritisinlinewiththeboursesIPOrequirements,andtogetlistedinthemiddleofJuly,althoughthereisstillnoconfirmationonthecompanytsinShanghaionJuly16,stopsecuritiesregu,whichbecameeffectiveassoonastheywereissued,laytheinstitutionalfoundationforinnovativefirmstoissueCDRsindomesticcapitalmarket,saidanonlinestatementofChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommission.

  当此江山如画里,请君共会鹊桥旁。国家档案局与中央档案馆、国家保密局与中央保密委员会办公室、国家密码管理局与中央密码工作领导小组办公室,一个机构两块牌子,列入中共中央直属机关的下属机构序列。

  

  反腐三人谈:动辄则咎 严格处理侵害基层群众利益问题

 
责编:
加湾鼠海豚 (动物)

加湾鼠海豚,俗称小头鼠海豚,又名港口豚、太平洋鼠海豚、加湾鼠豚或海湾鼠海豚,是一种稀有的鼠海豚属。加湾鼠海豚是鲸豚类中体型最小者,体格粗壮。背鳍显著,似鲨鱼鳍。头部浑圆,几乎没有嘴喙。眼睛四周有深色眼圈。身上复杂且黯淡的灰******案,在某些光线下看起来接近橄榄色或黄褐色,观察者们通常将这种印象概括描述为“深色”。由于分布范围极窄,所以不太可能与其他品种混淆;但也少有野外的观察记录。加湾鼠海豚是加利福尼亚湾北部的特有物种,2015年的9月至12月,研究发现海豚数目只剩下约60条,它们很可能在2018年永远消失。由于栖地范围狭小,再加上容易被渔网困住,这些都是其致危的主要原因。

中文学名
加湾鼠海豚
拉丁学名
Phocoena sinus
别称
小头鼠海豚、加湾鼠豚、科奇托、皮希塔
动物界
脊索动物门
亚门
脊椎动物亚门
哺乳纲
亚纲
兽亚纲
鲸目
亚目
齿鲸亚目
鼠海豚科
鼠海豚属
加湾鼠海豚
亚种
无亚种
命名人及年代
Norris & McFarland,1958

1物种信息

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加湾鼠海豚加湾鼠海豚
加湾鼠海豚,体较小,两个雌兽分别长1.391.6m都己达身体成熟。无喙。此系一新种,由诺里斯(Norris,1958)根据在加里福尼亚湾内的墨西哥西岸发现的头骨描述的,较本属的其他两种要小。头颇小,侧面观头骨略突,吻延伸较该属的其他种向下,枕髁较低,上颌延伸不超过眼窝的上缘。喷气孔较大,位于顶骨左侧。齿呈铲形,已观察过的标本齿数2021/1818。胃含物中有石首鱼。背鳍低、三角形。标本很少,已知的记录来自墨西哥的加里福尼亚湾,数量最多的是湾的上部,主要是浅海水域。

2相态特征

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成体嘴巴四周呈黑色。眼睛四周有深色眼圈。深色条纹从下巴延伸至胸鳍(有个体差异)。小而宽的胸鳍位于身体的淡色部位。背鳍前缘有小隆起(开始出现时为白色斑点),前缘外突。从比例上看背鳍显得比其他鼠海豚高(形状有个体差异)。背部的颜色呈中灰至暗灰色。腹部呈灰白色,有两个“V”字形的淡******案指向尾部。尾干腹面的颜色比腹部深。尾鳍末端略尖,中央凹刻明显。年幼者身体图案与成年者相似,只是颜色较深。背鳍前缘有白色斑点。体型与成年者相似。上、下颌每侧各有  枚单尖型齿。成体平均长度:雄性134.9厘米,雌性140.6厘米。成体重30~55公斤。初生幼仔长0.6~0.7米。

3分布情况

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仅分布于墨西哥加利福尼亚湾的最北端。原产地(海域):墨西哥(下加利福尼亚州、索诺拉州)。

4生活习性

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加湾鼠海豚加湾鼠海豚
加湾鼠海豚栖息于深11~50米、距岸11~25公里,底部有淤泥和粘土的海域。尤其偏好高营养度的浑水。唯一一种生活在暖水区的鼠海豚,可适应较大的年度气温波动,适水温度14~36℃(加利福尼亚湾的温度范围)。

加湾鼠海豚游泳、摄食的方式颇从容,但是生性非常害羞,而且会躲避任何船只。会浮升水面呼吸,并以几乎不兴水波的缓慢方式向前翻转,然后很快地消失于海面上。潜水时小尾鳍一直保留在水中。喷气并不明显,但是会发出类似港湾鼠海豚那般巨大、尖锐的呼吸声。从未见过跃身击浪。通常1~3只组群,也有8~10多只的小群,此类小群可短暂聚合成松散大群。但独栖仍是其主要活动方式。与别种鼠海豚一样,加湾鼠海豚也利用声纳进行交流和导航。以活动于水面附近的硬骨鱼和鱿鱼为食。

5繁殖方式

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大致3~6龄性成熟,也可以体重判断两性成熟与否(Hohn et al. 1996)。加湾鼠海豚为明显的季节性繁殖者。交配季在4月中旬至5月份。妊娠期大约10.6个月,于次年3月产仔。雌性不能每年排卵,故不能年年生育(Hohn et al. 1996)。每胎产仔1只,授乳期不到1年。最长寿命21龄。

6保护级别

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列入《濒临绝种野生动植物国际贸易公约》(CITES)附录Ⅰ。

列入中国《国家重点保护野生动物名录》:国家二级保护动物(19881210日生效,鲸目*其它鲸类)。

列入《世界自然保护联盟濒危物种红色名录》(The IUCN Red List):极危物种(CR),2008年评估。

7保护措施

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2005年,墨西哥禁止在该海域进行任何商业捕捞,同时加强了执法力度;并投资3000多万美元来补偿渔民,鼓励他们换用其它方法捕鱼(放弃刺网捕鱼)。

另外,墨西哥也建立了一个国际科研团队,来监测加湾鼠海豚的数量、繁殖率和栖息地。该团队的成员都来自诸如国际自然保护联盟、国际捕鲸委员会、美国海洋哺乳动物委员会及挪威海洋研究所等权威保育机构。由于该动物的数量太少了,因此该团队称他们只有一个办法:在海湾的上部区域,包括加湾鼠海豚避难所周围的海域,禁止所有刺网捕鱼行为。该禁令必须严格实施,即使对合法的捞虾和捕鱼也应如此,同时必须在海上和陆上部署更多的警察巡逻队伍。

 

参考资料

[添加]
[1].世界上最小海豚濒临灭绝 全球仅剩数十只
”“中华人民共和国主席代表中华人民共和国,进行国事活动,接受外国使节;根据全国人民代表大会常务委员会的决定,派遣和召回驻外全权代表,批准和废除同外国缔结的条约和重要协定。

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标签: 动物

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